About 321 million wooden pallets are repaired every year in the United States. During the pallet repair process, unusable pallets are ground into mulch that is often used for animal bedding or other sensitive applications. The objective of the research conducted for this paper was to characterize the physical and chemical properties of wood particles produced from mechanically-ground, discarded wooden pallets with the goal of identifying known contaminants.

International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures No. 15 (ISPM 15) is essential for the regulation of wooden pallet and packaging materials. This regulation measure is important in determining how pallet industries and professionals need to handle exporting pallets and packaging materials. This white paper will provide basic information about the governing organization and details about the history of ISPM 15. Furthermore, this paper includes regulated insect species and approved treatments for pallets.

The water that is found inside shipping containers come from the air, packages, pallets, and sometimes even the products that are stored in the container. Condensation forms inside the sea container because during shipping, temperature and humidity varies hugely and that variance can occur fairly quickly. This condensation in a sea container can cause extensive packaging damages. There are various solutions to this problem, including ventilation and the addition of desiccants to the container.. This white paper explores the causes of this condensation and solutions to prevent any damage.

There are many developments in the global supply chain that will change the way that we design reusable packaging materials. This presentation covers initiatives such as the physical internet initiative, modern warehouses, additive manufacturing, e-commerce, and innovative tracking technologies.

Properly determining the exact load carrying capacity of a pallet is essential to ensure the effectiveness of the supply chain. Multiple testing procedures are published by different organizations and all could be used to estimate the load capacity of pallets. This presentation covers the differences between various ASTM, ISO, and AIAG pallet testing standards, shows the design requirements required by big box stores, and shows how the load carrying capacity depends on the type of load carried by the pallet.

There are 1.9 billion wooden pallets that are used in the global supply chain. Although pallets can be made out of many materials, 92% of all pallets are made out of wood. This presentation introduces the advantages and disadvantages of the different pallet materials and teaches the best practices that will help you design a better, more sustainable wood pallet.