DISTRIBUTION PACKAGING

Incline Impact Testing

Packaged products are often stacked on pallets and/or bound together into unit loads for easier transportation.

These large bundles still experience shocks that could cause damage to the package and/or the products within. Whether the unit load slides back and forth in a container truck during shipment, or whether a careless forklift operator knocks the palletized unit loads into each other, packages still need to protect their products in these situations.

Incline Impact testing is designed to simulate the shock of an impact or drop to the packages making up a unit load / palletized shipment that is too heavy to be moved manually.

Standards:

ASTM D4169
ASTM D880
ISO 2244 Packaging
ISTA

ASTM D4169: Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems

Standard practice for performance testing of shipping containers and systems. This practice provides a uniform basis of evaluating, in a laboratory, the ability of shipping units to withstand the distribution environment. This is accomplished by subjecting them to a test plan consisting of a sequence of anticipated hazard elements encountered in various distribution cycles. This practice is not intended to supplant material specifications or existing preshipment test procedures.

ASTM D880 – 92(2015): Standard Test Method for Impact Testing for Shipping Containers and Systems

Test method for impact testing for shipping containers and systems. This test method covers two procedures for conducting impact tests on loaded containers or pallet loads, to test the ability of a container or shipping unit to withstand impacts, and to test the ability of a container or shipping unit or interior packing, or both, to provide protection to the contents, when subjected to impacts. The procedures are particularly suitable for testing large or heavily loaded containers.

ISO 2244:2000 Packaging – Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads – Horizontal impact tests

Complete filled transport packaging – Sinusoidal vibration tests using a variable frequency. Performance requirements and tests for means of packaging, packages and unit loads (as required by ISO/TC 122).

ISTA Series 1, 2, 3, & 6

ISTA 1 Series: Non-Simulation Integrity Performance Tests. Challenge the strength and robustness of the product and package combination. Not designed to simulate environmental occurrences. Useful as screening tests, particularly when used as a consistent benchmark over time.

ISTA 2 Series: Partial Simulation Performance Tests. Tests with at least one element of a 3 Series type General Simulation performance test, such as atmospheric conditioning or mode-shaped random vibration, in addition to basic elements of a 1 Series type Non-Simulation Integrity test.

ISTA 3 Series: General Simulation Performance Tests. Designed to provide a laboratory simulation of the damage-producing motions, forces, conditions, and sequences of transport environments. Applicable across broad sets of circumstances, such as a variety of vehicle types and routes, or a varying number of handling exposures. Characteristics will include simple shaped random vibration, different drop heights applied to the sample package, and/or atmospheric conditioning such as tropical wet or winter/frozen.

ISTA 6 Series: Member Performance Tests. Test protocols created by ISTA members to meet their particular purposes and applications. The tests may be completely original, or may be modifications or variations of ISTA Procedures or Projects or other published and accepted tests. ISTA reviews and approves these tests, but primary responsibility rests with the originating members.

Equipment:

Incline Impact Tester

Platform Size: 48” x 48”
Max Drop Height: 80”
Crane Hoist Capacity: ½ Ton (1000 lbs.)
Maximum Unit Load: 2,500 lbs.