DISTRIBUTION PACKAGING

Free Fall Drop Testing

Throughout the manufacturing and delivery process, it’s likely that a packaged product will experience shocks of all types – the most common being when a package is accidentally dropped either while being manually handled or being mechanically moved.

Free Fall Drop Testing aids us in the design of sturdy packaging that will not only protect the product from incurring damages if/when it is dropped during handling or transport, but the packaging will stand up to being dropped repeatedly, and it will continue to protect the product within after multiple drops.

Standards:

ASTM D5276
ASTM D5265
ASTM D4169
ISO 22248
ISTA

ASTM D4169: Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems

Standard practice for performance testing of shipping containers and systems. This practice provides a uniform basis of evaluating, in a laboratory, the ability of shipping units to withstand the distribution environment. This is accomplished by subjecting them to a test plan consisting of a sequence of anticipated hazard elements encountered in various distribution cycles. This practice is not intended to supplant material specifications or existing preshipment test procedures.

ASTM D5265 – 09(2016): Standard Test Method for Bridge Impact Testing

Test Method for Bridge Impact Testing. This test method is intended to determine the capability of a long package with a narrow cross-section to resist impact near its center when the package is supported only at its ends. This test method allows the user to select from two test options: Option A employs the use of a free-fall drop tester, and Option B employs the use of simulated mechanical impact testing equipment. The two optional procedures are designed to impart the same amount of kinetic energy at impact; therefore, each procedure yields equal damage-producing potential.

ASTM D4169 – 16: Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems

Standard practice for performance testing of shipping containers and systems. This practice provides a uniform basis of evaluating, in a laboratory, the ability of shipping units to withstand the distribution environment. This is accomplished by subjecting them to a test plan consisting of a sequence of anticipated hazard elements encountered in various distribution cycles. This practice is not intended to supplant material specifications or existing preshipment test procedures.

ISO 2248:1985 Packaging – Complete, filled transport packages – Vertical impact test by dropping.

Complete filled transport packaging – Vertical impact test by dropping. Raising of the test package above a rigid plane surface and releasing it to strike this surface (the “impact surface”) after a free fall. The atmospheric conditions, the height of drop and the attitude of the package are predetermined.

ISTA Series 1, 2, 3, & 6

ISTA 1 Series: Non-Simulation Integrity Performance Tests. Challenge the strength and robustness of the product and package combination. Not designed to simulate environmental occurrences. Useful as screening tests, particularly when used as a consistent benchmark over time.

ISTA 2 Series: Partial Simulation Performance Tests. Tests with at least one element of a 3 Series type General Simulation performance test, such as atmospheric conditioning or mode-shaped random vibration, in addition to basic elements of a 1 Series type Non-Simulation Integrity test.

ISTA 3 Series: General Simulation Performance Tests. Designed to provide a laboratory simulation of the damage-producing motions, forces, conditions, and sequences of transport environments. Applicable across broad sets of circumstances, such as a variety of vehicle types and routes, or a varying number of handling exposures. Characteristics will include simple shaped random vibration, different drop heights applied to the sample package, and/or atmospheric conditioning such as tropical wet or winter/frozen.

ISTA 6 Series: Member Performance Tests. Test protocols created by ISTA members to meet their particular purposes and applications. The tests may be completely original, or may be modifications or variations of ISTA Procedures or Projects or other published and accepted tests. ISTA reviews and approves these tests, but primary responsibility rests with the originating members.

Equipment:

Lansmont Drop Tester

Max Drop Height: 90”
Min Drop Height: 1”
Max Package Weight: 500 lbs.
Base Plate Size: 60” x 30”

Radial Arm Drop Tester

Max Drop Height: 60”
Min Drop Height: 12”
Max Package Weight: 150lbs.
Base Plate Size: 36” x 30”